It is likely that you have asked yourself this question many times with the idea of avoiding going to the dentist at all costs. These visits are feared by many people, but in reality they are necessary to have good oral health. Do not be afraid! Visiting your dentist is important to have a healthy and radiant smile. Here we tell you what to expect during a visit to the dental office and what is a dental evaluation or review.
If year after year you leave aside your visit to the dentist as something that you will do in the future, it is time for you to reconsider. You may not want to go see your dentist because you are afraid of the needles and the noise of the machine. But do not be afraid! Nowadays oral health professionals have so many tools at their disposal that, along with their professionalism, guarantee you a visit with the fewest discomforts (pains) that are possible. Also, how do you know what the dentist will do if you do not see it? Those fears may be making you delay a very important visit that can save you many toothaches.
What is a dental evaluation or review?
A dental examination allows your dentist to examine your entire mouth, including your lips, your gums, your tongue, and your teeth and bones that support your teeth. In addition, during this checkup your dentist can check for cavities, plaque, or if your gum is in good health.
How often should you visit the dentist?
It is recommended that you go 2 times a year. The first dental visit young children should be before they are 3 years old.
What happens during the visit to the dentist?
If this is the first time you go, you will need to fill out a questionnaire with questions about your medical history. This is because some dental procedures are done in different ways according to certain health conditions, for example, if you are allergic to certain antibiotics, or if you have any heart problems, heart valve, a clotting problem, etc. The dentist or dentist should also know if you have any chronic medical condition (such as diabetes), as this may affect the bacterial content of saliva and the health of your mouth in general.
The dentist will examine your face and the lymph nodes under the jaw to see if they are swollen, which indicates an infection. It will also check your bite, use a mirror to examine your tongue and other soft tissues that are in your mouth. With a sharp tool called a browser, the dentist will examine tooth for tooth looking for decay and to determine if fillers or crowns.
To help, the dentist may, on the first visit take some X – rays or X – rays to see in detail how are your teeth. X-rays can see if there are cavities, bone destruction and other problems that require treatment. In addition, the x-rays allow you to see the position of the teeth, and tell you if any correction is necessary.
To examine whether you have gingivitis or periodontitis (gum disease) the dentist uses an instrument to measure the distance of space – if any between the gums and teeth. Red and swollen (swollen) gums that bleed indicate that you may have gingivitis or periodontitis.
The dentist will ask you about your cleaning routines because oral hygiene is reflected in the amount of plaque or calculus (tartar) that is in your teeth. If you do not have cavities or other diseases in your mouth and in your teeth, the specialist will do a professional cleaning.
Why is it important to have a professional cleaning at least twice a year?
Professional cleaning refers to the one you do not do at home with the toothbrush, dental floss and mouthwash. It involves a visit to the dental office, because it is deeper. This type of professional cleaning is recommended to maintain good health of teeth and gums. The main objective is to remove plaque – the soft stuff that accumulates around your teeth and your gums – and calculus or tartar, hard material that forms when the plaque is not removed by brushing and the use of silk or floss. The calculus or calculus is removed with a sharp instrument. Then your teeth are “polished” with a non-abrasive substance. From there you will leave with a feeling of freshness and a renewed smile.
Tooth brushing is the first step to maintaining healthy teeth and gums for a lifetime. Brushing teeth removes plaque and other food debris, preventing tooth decay and periodontal disease.
Maintaining proper dental hygiene:
- Cavities and loss of teeth are avoided.
- Disappears bad taste and bad breath of mouth.
- Do not bleed gums.
- It improves our image in front of the others and therefore our security and self-esteem.
The plaque is a whitish film deposited on the teeth and oral soft tissues, where they live colonies of bacteria responsible for diseases of the teeth (caries) and gum (periodontal disease). Dental plaque should be removed with a good brushing. Its continuous formation causes that we have to have a systematic constant to eliminate it, since after 24 hours of its formation it calcifies and this is forming the tartar, that so much affects to the periodontal tissues (gingiva and bone) in the adult age and that if not controlled flows into the periodontal disease or pyorrhea that leads to tooth loss.
The other enemy of our mouths is the decay and we know that is formed by demineralization of enamel, i.e. enamel loses its structure and hardness. This happens because plaque bacteria form acids that dissolve enamel and that is why plaque causes so much damage and is so important to remove it, to prevent the onset of these two diseases.
In the case of children in addition to what is exposed here are some special considerations that should be consulted in the section on children’s dentistry.
Milk teeth are loosened and replaced in childhood by permanent teeth. This is a normal part of growth and development. When adults’ teeth loosen, it is a problem. The conditions that cause the teeth to loosen affect the teeth themselves or the small fibers of the ligament that keep each tooth deeply rooted in the mouth. Once these structures are engaged, how loose the teeth depend on the severity of the situation.
Periodontal disease and infection
Periodontal disease is a gum disease that damages the supporting structures of the teeth. Usually there are a few millimeters of space between a tooth and the healthy gums that surround it. The bristles of toothbrushes and floss can enter these small spaces to keep them clean. When periodontal disease is active, these spaces become deeper pockets where bacteria are trapped. These pockets are too deep for brushing to effectively clean them. Inflammation caused by these bacteria and plaque deposits leads to destruction of the bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place.
This is the progressive cycle of inflammation and destruction of the bone that requires professional treatment. Once this process starts, your teeth may loosen up and make you feel uncomfortable. Affected teeth may fall on their own or be removed because they no longer have enough support to remain stable inside the mouth. Infection of 1 or more teeth in the mouth can also cause inflammation and destruction, which can lead to the teeth loosening.
Infections of this nature may be due to untreated caries, untreated periodontal disease or broken teeth. Which can lead to loose teeth. Infections of this nature may be due to untreated caries, untreated periodontal disease or broken teeth. Which can lead to loose teeth. Infections of this nature may be due to untreated caries, untreated periodontal disease or broken teeth.
If the teeth are constantly subjected to traumatic forces, they may loosen over time. Examples of traumatic forces are bruxism or clenching teeth. If only 1 tooth is receiving substantially more force than those surrounding it, that tooth may become loose. Orthodontic treatment also exerts force on the teeth, resulting in the mobility that allows the teeth to move to align.
Injury and fractures
Traumatic injuries can displace a tooth within its socket in several different directions. This change in position can fracture the bone surrounding the tooth and damage the fibers that hold the tooth in place. If the root of the tooth is fractured, the portion of the tooth that is exposed in the mouth is loosened.
Several conditions can lead to bone lesions in the jaw. These lesions can destroy the bone or expand it and make the jaw appear larger. Bone lesions displace or loosen teeth and may be linked to tumors or certain types of cancer, such as lymphoma or leukemia. Oral cancer screenings performed on periodic dental checkups and physical examinations performed by a physician can help identify benign and malignant tumors.
What to do
If you are concerned about your loose teeth, your dentist can evaluate your situation and guide you to the right treatments, if necessary. Visiting your dentist periodically, along with good care and vigilance in your home are the best ways to maintain a strong and healthy smile.
White spots on the teeth can be disconcerting. Although you know you can expect some brown or yellow patches on the teeth from time to time, and you know how to treat them, no one seems to talk about them. These marks are not a direct indication of poor health in general, but should not be ignored as they can have serious consequences on your dental health.
White spots on teeth can be caused by a condition called fluorosis, which is more prominent in children, but is sometimes seen in adults and occurs when too much fluoride is ingested. Fluoride is commonly added to public drinking water to prevent cavities. For adults, the main culprit of them is the loss of mineralization of the teeth, and it can happen when there is too much acid in drinks, plaque or even acid reflux that comes into contact With teeth. This often occurs after the brackets have been removed or after using whitening materials, which are very acidic.
While the white spots on the teeth look less harmful than the yellow teeth, this is not necessarily true. Fluorosis is usually harmless, but there are severe cases where a child’s teeth can develop deep wells and turn brown with white spots. With white spots caused by enamel demineralization, you are seeing the early stages of tooth decay. If left alone, eventually a tooth decay will develop.
Fluoride enamel typically occurs in children under 8 years of age, according to the Centers for Disease Control, and children who frequently drink fluoridated water are at a greater risk of developing white spots on their teeth. As an adult, you may be prone to demineralization if you drink very acidic beverages, have acid reflux, are bulimic, or have bad habits of dental hygiene.
Removal of white spots is not as simple as removing surface stains. With fluorosis, once the fluoride is in the tooth, it is permanent, according to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. With demineralization of the enamel, you need to take steps to avoid further erosion of the tooth or caries will probably appear. Both conditions warrant a visit to the dentist, which can help you keep your teeth healthy and offer cosmetic solutions for you.
To avoid fluorosis, control your child’s fluoride intake. Since most public water contains fluoride this could mean you have to buy non-fluoridated water to alternate with tap water. To prevent demineralization, follow the guidelines of the American Dental Association to prevent tooth decay: brush your teeth twice a day, floss every day, visit your dentist regularly, and eat a well-balanced diet.
The dental hygiene is especially important to get maintain healthy teeth and strong. To carry out a correct dental hygiene it is necessary to establish a routine oral cleaning house that fits the specific needs of each person. In addition, it is essential to complete this action with professional dental cleaning, at least once a year. Although the frequency with which we must perform professional oral cleaning will tell our dentist, taking into account each case in particular.
If we have doubts about tooth brushing at home, the toothpaste we should use, the frequency with which we should wash our teeth or the proper technique, it is very important that we ask our dentist. The professional will recommend the best way to establish a correct cleaning of our teeth daily. In addition, you can easily explain which the best technique to clean our teeth is.
What is the best time to brush our teeth?
Contrary to what many people think, it is not appropriate to perform dental brushing after meals. That is, you should not brush your teeth immediately after you finish eating. This is because, during the food intake, we take acidic products that considerably lower the pH of the mouth and it takes time for the pH of our saliva to return to its optimum conditions.
The acid demineralizes the teeth and can lead to an exposure of the dentin, thus generating sensitivity problems in the teeth. If we perform the routine dental cleaning just after eating, we run the risk of spreading the acid throughout the mouth, putting a large part of our teeth at risk.
At the end of eating it is advisable to rinse the mouth with water or mouthwash to remove the remains of superficial foods and achieve a fresher breath. Dental brushing can be done half an hour, more or less, after eating food. In that time period the pH of our mouth will have returned to normal.
How often do you have to brush your teeth?
The dentist will advise on how many times a day it is necessary to brush your teeth. Generally it is recommended to brush the teeth of 2 to 3 times a day, being the nocturnal dental cleaning routine the most important of the day.
During the night we salivate much less and the harmful substances that are in our mouth become stronger. For this reason, tooth brushing before bedtime is critical so that our teeth do not suffer major deterioration.
It is necessary to be very constant regarding the daily dental hygiene, maintaining a correct technique of brushing that we arrive at all the dental pieces to remove all the plaque that accumulates in the teeth daily. Dental cleaning is the best way to prevent possible dental diseases, such as tooth decay or gum disease.
Since this is a very solution efficient to replace teeth that are damaged or lost, each day the number of people who choose the option of dental implants, due mainly to dental implants work for long term . In fact, the use and development of dental implants is considered one of the greatest advances in dentistry in the last 50 years.
Situations in which the dental implant is the best solution
Generally, the dental implant is the best option when replacing one piece dental whose loss has been caused by any reason, either by aging or trauma. Furthermore, it is a treatment that does not affect a tooth remains healthy, and prevents the bone jaw wear; Squeal generated by other treatments.
Are few the contraindications that prevent the placement of a dental implant? In most cases they are related to problems in the bone of the jaw, as some kind of infection, malignant tumors that damage to bone, or disorders affecting bone metabolism. Anyway, it is advisable to consult with a specialist surgeon to look at the different options, in order to follow the best treatment for the problem. Some other solutions, although less efficient and durable, are partial denture removable, partial denture fixed and prosthesis adhesive.
Therefore, when no contraindications are exposed suffers from the implant dental it is the most effective solution and secure from other remedies. With dental implants not only gets a great aesthetic result , we can also take any food with confidence, because dental implants are fixed and immovable , and require the same care as their own teeth.
The age is not is not any impediment, if you want to change the appearance of the mouth. An older person can benefit from this dental method without major consequences. An increasing number of elderly people who change their dentures for a dental implant which is greater improve their quality of life.
Also, the stability offered by dental implants make the solution more comfortable and effective. Once the process is complete dental implant, the patient can go home at that moment to continue with their normal life, as if he had a natural tooth.
Most experts recommend the implants dental, offering excellent long – term results, so we can enjoy its benefits for a long time. In this sense, the data are compelling, dental implants reach a rate of success than ninety percent.
Why do dental implants offer greater firmness and durability?
The root of the implant dental is formed by a screw that naturally welded to bone, being totally fixed and stable. This process is called bone integration, which occurs when bone cells adhere naturally to the surface of the titanium material from which the root is made. The process usually lasts three to six months and is known as restoration of dental implant.
As noted above, the dental implant is a very durable, reaching remain unchanged over twenty years. There have been cases where a dental implant has lasted for more than twenty-five years and is working perfectly. Therefore, the dental implant is the best option when replacing a tooth. However, cleaning and oral hygiene are key for dental implants to last for many years.
There is a minimal percentage of complications in the process of dental implants, moreover, most have solution. It is a treatment very common and simple that just involves pain. The best thing to do is to make sure that we have a professional who makes a proper diagnosis and to perform all the necessary procedures for the optimal placement of the dental implant.
It can be difficult to watch your baby suffer through the teething process. Numbness, nervousness, irritability and lack of interest in food are signs of teething in a baby. While you can offer your baby some over-the-counter medication, you can also offer something to calm your gum pain. As you may have noticed, teething babies love to chew things, and there are several options available for their comfort.
A cold cloth can offer both the pressure your baby craves on your gums and the quality of numbness from the cold. Wipe a cloth and drain it until it is moist. Put the towel in the freezer or refrigerator until it cools down and give it to your baby. If you’re worried about having water everywhere while the towel is cool, just wipe the tip of the towel, leaving the rest dry.
There are a variety of teething rings available at your local baby store. You have the choice of rings that go in the refrigerator or rings that vibrate to relieve the discomfort of the teething. Do not freeze teething rings, as frozen teeth can damage your baby’s gums. Choose a ring that is made of rubber, be one piece and do not have small pieces of plastic that can break in the mouth of your baby. You can also consider rings that have protrusions to massage the gums while the baby chews them.
Feeders for babies
A “baby feeder” is a tool that not only provides a relief of teething pain, but also provides nutrition. A baby feeder is a mesh bag that can hold fruit so your baby can bite into the contents of your heart. To give it a fresh taste, freeze pieces of cut fruit before placing them in the feeder.
Teething biscuits start hard and hard, but are reduced to porridge soon after your baby starts to chew them. Be sure to equip your baby with a bib before giving her a teething cookie to reduce clutter. Also, never leave your baby unattended while eating a cookie, as it may pose a choking hazard if it is too large if a piece breaks in the mouth.
It’s no secret that your baby probably puts everything in his mouth (including his hand). Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and stick a finger in your baby’s mouth. Rub the gums with firm pressure until you hear a creaking sound and continue to move around your mouth. Bite a little on the finger afterwards, unless you hurt your small gums.
Proper dental care should begin before a child even gets his first tooth to prevent tooth decay and gum disease, according to Kids Health. Proper dental care should include proper brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits. When a child has a dental problem, sometimes it can cause a painful toothache, which should be treated.
What is a toothache?
A toothache, also known as pulpitis, is a nuisance or pain that is felt in a child’s tooth, according to HealthyChildren.org. This is a result of an inflammation of the pulp, which is inside the tooth. Toothaches, which may or may not be related to an injury, can be painful for a child and should be treated.
Symptoms of a dental problem
Symptoms or signs of a toothache in a child may include: a tooth that is painful to the touch, constant sharp pain in the tooth, pain in the jaw where it is found, malaise, fever, or severe pain when eating or drink something hot or cold, according to St. Louis Children’s Hospital.
What is causing it?
Many causes can lead to a toothache, such as food that has been tucked between two teeth. A cavity that has formed in the tooth is often the cause of toothache. When children eat food with starches or sugars, the bacteria in the mouth feed on them, which in turn generates an acid that can enter through a tooth, creating a cavity.
BEFORE the emergence of modern dentistry, people used to experience pain and loss of dental pieces from their youth. To have stained or misaligned teeth, or even to have lost them, affected many people. Those who no longer had teeth in their old age could not chew and consequently suffered malnutrition and died prematurely. Today, most people who go to the dentist get rid of the pain, retain their teeth all their lives and have an attractive smile. How has dentistry achieved these three notable goals?
Preventive dentistry, which focuses primarily on education and regular check-ups, has been a key factor in preventing pain and tooth loss. Jesus declared, “Those who are healthy need no physician” (Luke 5:31). Indeed, some people have benefited so much from oral hygiene education campaigns that rarely need treatment.
However, there are many who avoid going to the dentist. Some do not seek dental treatment for indifference, others for the expenses involved, and some are not going for fear. Whatever your case, it would be good to ask yourself, “What can the dentist do for me? Is it worth a visit? “To understand the importance of preventive dentistry,
How dental problems begin
The dentist can save us the torment of pain and loss of teeth. With the collaboration of the patient, the specialist tries to counteract the effects of plaque, a thin film of bacteria that sticks to the teeth. Bacteria feed and multiply thanks to food particles; Transform the sugar into acids that attack the tooth enamel and cause it to become porous. Over time, cavities occur when the porous enamel crumbles and creates a cavity or hole. At this stage there is no discomfort, but when the infection reaches the pulp cavity of the tooth, there is usually acute pain.
The bacteria that form the plaque have another way of tormenting us. If it is not removed by brushing, the plaque hardens and forms a calcified deposit called calculus, or tartar, which can cause the gums to swell and separate from the teeth, forming a void where food remains, a feast for bacteria that can infect the gums. It is possible to control this problem with the help of the dentist, but if no treatment is sought, the tissue that supports the teeth can be so damaged that they fall. More teeth are lost for this cause than cavities.
Saliva provides some protection against this double attack of bacteria. Whether you have eaten a whole meal or just a cookie, saliva needs between fifteen and forty-five minutes to remove food particles and neutralize the acids present in dental plaque. The amount of time will depend on how much sugar or leftover foods have stuck to your teeth. Apparently, during this interval is when the denture is affected. Thus, the extent of the damage does not depend on the amount of sugar ingested, but on the frequency with which meals and sweet snacks are taken. As the flow of saliva decreases during sleep, one of the most destructive things you can do to your teeth is to go to bed without brushing them after eating sugary foods or drinks.
The specialists recommend to undergo revisions once or twice a year, depending on the state of the teeth. During the checkup the dentist is likely to take some x-rays and carefully examine the dentures for cavities. Using a local anesthetic and a high-speed lathe, you can usually fill the cavities you find without causing pain to the patient. In the case of the most fearful, there are specialists who have begun using lasers or gels to dissolve cavities. These can reduce or even eliminate the need for the lathe or a local anesthetic. When it comes to children, dentists especially look at the teeth that have just left to see if they have cracks or holes in the bite surface that would be difficult to clean with the brush.
In that case, in the case of adult patients, the dentist is primarily concerned with the prevention of gum disease. Therefore, if you find any deposit of hardened tartar, scratch it to remove it. Many people tend to overlook certain areas of their teeth during brushing; so maybe your dentist will tell you how you can brush them better. Some even send their patients to a specialized dental hygienist to give them the necessary guidance.
If your teeth are damaged or misaligned, or lack any, you will be happy to know that there are many new techniques to correct such situations. However, corrective treatments are expensive, so be careful not to exceed your budget. In spite of everything, there are many people who think the expense is worth it. Perhaps the dentist can give you back the ability to chew or make your smile more attractive, a matter of no small importance, since an unpleasant denture can influence your quality of life.
When the front teeth are broken or stained, the dentist may recommend a sheath, perhaps translucent porcelain that looks a lot like natural enamel. The covers stick to the surface of damaged teeth, giving them a new shape and appearance. If the teeth are more damaged, a crown may be used. This piece covers what remains of the tooth and provides a completely new surface, whether of gold, or a material of natural appearance.
How can the dentist help you if you have lost a tooth? You can make a removable partial denture, or a fixed bridge that rests on each side on a dental piece and hold one or more false teeth. Another option that is becoming very popular is the implant. It consists of inserting in the mandible an anchor of titanium in the place that occupied the tooth; when the bone and gum have regenerated, an artificial part is placed on the anchorage. It’s almost like having a tooth of your own.
Misaligned teeth can be a source of shame; In addition, they are difficult to clean, which exposes them to diseases. Misalignment can also cause pain and difficulty chewing. Fortunately, dentists can usually correct these problems with the help of orthodontic appliances. Thanks to recent advances in design, modern appliances are less visible and need not be adjusted so often.
Some dentists are giving more importance to treating bad breath. Most people have bad breath from time to time, and some suffer from it on a regular basis. The possible causes are several. There are dentists who have the means to diagnose the specific cause. In many cases it is the presence of bacteria, often in the posterior region of the tongue. Brushing or scratching the tongue may help as well as chew sugar-free gum to increase the flow of saliva. Washing your mouth is particularly important after consuming dairy products, meat or fish.
If it causes you too much anxiety to visit the dentist, he will certainly help you lose your fear. So tell him how he feels and tell him what gesture he will make with his hand when it hurts or is afraid. Many patients have found that gives them more confidence.
You may fear that the dentist will scold you or belittle you for not taking better care of your teeth. But, since such comments would scare the clientele, their fears are likely to be quite unfounded. Most dentists are interested in being polite when talking to their clients.
Many people avoid going to the dentist because they worry about what it will cost. But if you can do a review now, you will avoid problems in the future and will not have to undergo expensive treatment. In many places there are different levels of dental services adapted to each pocket. Even the dental office with the most basic equipment usually has x-ray machines and a high-speed lathe. Dentists can perform most of the procedures without hardly causing discomfort to the patient. In addition, the cost of local anesthetics is low enough for most people, even if their resources are limited.
The dentist’s mission is to relieve the pain, not cause it. Dental treatment is no longer the traumatic experience our insurance grandparents remember. Since healthy teeth contribute to better overall health and can help you enjoy life much more, why not pay a visit to the dentist? You will be pleasantly surprised.
Why are teeth extracted?
- Teeth are extracted for various reasons:
- Caries advanced deep into the tooth
- An infection has destroyed an important portion of the tooth or surrounding bone
- In the mouth there is not enough space for all teeth
Many dentists recommend removing retained teeth that only partially erupted. Bacteria are deposited around these teeth and can cause an infection, which can spread to the bone and become an extremely serious disorder. The retained teeth continue to try to come out through the gingival tissue, even if there is not enough room for them. Continuous pressure, caused by this attempted eruption, may end up damaging the roots of adjacent teeth. Removing a frequently retained tooth prevents infections and damage to adjacent teeth and bone, as well as avoid future pain.
How are teeth extracted?
Before you remove a tooth, the dentist will carefully study your medical and dental history, and take the appropriate x-rays.
X-rays reveal the length, shape, position of the tooth and the surrounding bone. From this information, the dentist will estimate the degree of difficulty of the procedure and decide whether to refer it to a specialist called a dental surgeon.
Prior to removal, the dentist will anesthetize the area surrounding the tooth. To do this, use a local anesthetic that numbs the area of the mouth where the extraction will be performed.
In a simple extraction, once the area is anesthetized, the dentist loosens the tooth with the aid of an instrument called an elevator and then extracts it with dental forceps. You may want to smooth and reshape the underlying bone. Once finished, decide if it is convenient to close the area with a dot.
What should I expect after an extraction?
Keeping the area clean and preventing infection immediately after a tooth is removed is critical. The dentist will ask you to gently bite a piece of dried sterile gauze, which you should keep there for 30 to 45 minutes to reduce bleeding while clotting occurs. During the next 24 hours, you should not smoke, rinse your mouth vigorously, or clean your teeth near the extraction site. A degree of pain and discomfort after extraction is to be expected. In some cases, the dentist will recommend a pain reliever or prescribe one. Applying an ice pack to the face for 15-minute periods can relieve discomfort.
It is also advisable to limit vigorous activities and avoid hot liquids. The day after the removal, the dentist will suggest that you begin to gently rinse your mouth with warm salt water (do not swallow water). Under normal circumstances, discomfort should subside within a period ranging from three days to two weeks after removal. If you have prolonged or severe pain, swelling, bleeding or fever, call your dentist immediately.